Nanotechnology and Photovoltaic Devices - Light Energy Harvesting with Group IV Nanostructures
by Jan Valenta (Charles University, Czech Republic), Salvo Mirabella (University of Catania, Italy)
Hardback 431 pages 2015-05-31 Print ISBN: 9789814463638 eBook ISBN: 9789814463645 DOI: 10.4032/9789814463645
List price : $149.95
Silicon is an abundant element and is produced in large quantities for the electronic industry. The falling price of this commodity also feeds the growth of solar photovoltaics (PV). However, solar cells (SCs) based on bulk semiconductors have quite limited maximum attainable performance. Therefore, new principles and materials are being investigated in order to build the third generation of SCs with improved conversion efficiency achieved by the optimized harvesting of the solar spectrum, improved carrier generation, better light management, etc. The unique properties of semiconductor nanostructures (tuning of optoelectronic properties by the quantum confinement effect, stronger interaction with light, etc.) can be exploited to fabricate novel types of high-efficiency solar cells. Here, again, silicon along with carbon and germanium (group IV elements) is about to play a major role.
In view of the increasing research effort devoted to nanostructures applications in PV, this book aims to provide a background to students and newcomer researchers as well as to point out some open questions and promising directions for future development. It presents a useful overview of group IV nanostructures for PV, which includes the theoretical background, presentation of main solar cell principles, technological aspects, and nanostructure characterization techniques, and finishes with the design and testing of prototype devices. It is not intended to be just a review of the most up-to-date literature, but the authors aim to provide an educative background of the field. All authors are renowned researchers and experienced teachers in the field of semiconductor nanostructures and photovoltaics.
|1||Chapter 1: Introduction to Photovoltaics and Potential Applications of Group IV Nanostructures|
Jan Valenta and Salvo Mirabella
|27||Chapter 2: The Dielectric Function and Spectrophotometry: From Bulk to Nanostructures|
|65||Chapter 3: Ab initio Calculations of the Electronic and Optical Properties of Silicon Quantum Dots Embedded in Different Matrices|
Roberto Guerra and Stefano Ossicini
|99||Chapter 4: Silicon Nanoclusters Embedded in Dielectric Matrices: Nucleation, Growth, Crystallization, and Defects|
|145||Chapter 5: Excited-State Relaxation in Group IV Nanocrystals Investigated Using Optical Methods|
Frantisek Trojanek, Petr Maly, and Ivan Pelant
|177||Chapter 6: Carrier Multiplication in Isolated and Interacting Silicon Nanocrystals|
Ivan Marri, Marco Govoni, and S. Ossicini
|203||Chapter 7: The Introduction of Majority Carriers into Group IV Nanocrystals|
|255||Chapter 8: Electrical Transport in Si-Based Nanostructured Superlattices|
Blas Garrido, Sergi Hernandez, Yonder Berenc´en, Julian L ´opez-Vidrier, Joan Manel Ramirez, Oriol Blazquez, and Bernat Mundet
|317||Chapter 9: Ge Nanostructures for Harvesting and Detection of Light|
Antonio Terrasi, Salvatore Cosentino, Isodiana Crupi, and Salvo Mirabella
|355||Chapter 10: Application of Surface-Engineered Silicon Nanocrystals with Quantum Confinement and Nanocarbon Materials in Solar Cells|
Vladimir Svrcek and Davide Mariotti
|381||Chapter 11: Prototype PV Cells with Si Nanoclusters|
Stefan Janz, Philipp Loper, and Manuel Schnabel
Advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students in nanotechnology; researchers in innovative photovoltaics, nanotechnology, and quantum-confined systems; graduate students of physics, chemistry, electrical and electronic engineering, and materials science and engineering; researchers in nanoscience; engineers in nanotechnology.
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